On December 7, 1941, the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii was the target of a sudden and unexpected assault by Japan. The attack was executed by aircraft from the Imperial Japanese Navy, launched from their carriers. This devastating surprise attack resulted in the loss of 12 warships, 188 aircraft, and the lives of 2,459 soldiers and civilians. It stands as a significant intelligence failure in the history of the United States, with far-reaching consequences.
The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was widely regarded as one of the most significant intelligence failures in the history of the United States, until the tragic attack on the Twin Towers.